Volkswagen Transporter 1968 – 1979 Automotive Repair Manual
Models covered: All Volkswagen Transporter 1600 models with 1584 cc (96.7 cu in) engine. Does not cover the alternative bodies and conversions produced by specialist manufacturers.
Thanks are due to the VW organisation for the supply of technical information and certain illustrations. Castrol Limited provided lubrication details and the Champion Sparking Plug Company supplied the illustrations showing the various spark
The aim of this manual is to help you get the best value from your vehicle. It can do so in several ways. It can help you decide what work must be done (even should you choose to get it done by a garage), provide information on routine maintenance and servicing, and give a logical course of action and diagnosis when random faults occur. However, it is hoped that you will use the manual by tackling the work yourself. On simpler jobs it may even be quicker than booking the car into a garage and going there twice, to leave and collect it. Perhaps most important, a lot of money can be saved by avoiding the costs a garage must charge to cover its labour and overheads.
The manual has drawings and descriptions to show the function of the various components so that their layout can be understood. Then the tasks are described and photographed in a step-by-step sequence so that even a novice can do the work.
The manual is divided into twelve Chapters, each covering a logical sub-division of the vehicle. The Chapters are each divided into Sections, numbered with single figures, eg 5; and the Sections into paragraphs (or sub-sections), with decimal numbers following on from the Section they are in, eg 126.96.36.199, 5.3 etc.
The Volkswagen Type 2, more generally referred to as the bus, pick-up, Kombi, transporter, caravette, van or any other name that indicates that it is not an ordinary saloon, was conceived very soon after VW Beetle production was seriously under way in 1949.
Heinz Nordhoff realised that in the reconstruction of Germany after the war the demand for a cheap workhorse vehicle would be almost as great as that for saloons. The beauty of it all was that due to the basic Beetle design he could use the same components. All he had to do was gear down the drive train to cope with increased engine loads; and this was achieved by the expedient of fitting simple spur reduction gears at the outer ends of the drive shafts. It was then possible to use the same gearbox/final drive unit with the crownwheel the other way round so that the drive shafts would rotate the other way into the reduction gears.
The rest of the story is a legend comparable to that of the Beetle. The basic ideas were developed and improved as the years went by and it was not until 1967 that the development became significantly different.
It is freely illustrated, especially in those parts where there is a detailed sequence of operations to be carried out. There are two forms of illustration: figures and photographs. The figures are numbered in sequence with decimal numbers, according to their position in the Chapter – eg Fig. 6.4 is the fourth drawing/illustration in Chapter 6. Photographs carry the same number (either individually or in related groups) as the Section or sub-section to which they relate.
There is an alphabetical index at the back of the manual as well as a contents list at the front. Each Chapter is also preceded by its own individual contents list.
References to the ‘left’ or ‘right’ of the vehicle are in the sense of a person in the driver’s seat facing forwards.
Unless otherwise stated, nuts and bolts are removed by turning anti-clockwise, and tightened by turning clockwise.
Vehicle manufacturers continually make changes to specifications and recommendations, and these, when notified, are incorporated into our manuals at the earliest opportunity.
Whilst every care is taken to ensure that the information in this manual is correct, no liability can be accepted by the authors or publishers for loss, damage or injury caused by any errors in, or omissions from, the information given.
- About this manual
- Tools and working facilities
- Recommended lubricants and fluids
- Vehicle identification and spare parts
- Routine maintenance (also see Chapter 12, page 197)
- Chapter 1 Engine (also see Chapter 12, page 197)
- Chapter 2 Cooling, heating and exhaust systems (also see Chapter 12, page 197)
- Chapter 3 Fuel system and carburation (also see Chapter 12, page 197)
- Chapter 4 Ignition system (also see Chapter 12, page 197)
- Chapter 5 Clutch and operating mechanism
- Chapter 6 Transmission and final drive (also see Chapter 12, page 197)
- Chapter 7 Wheel shafts, drive shafts and universal joints
- Chapter 8 Braking system (also see Chapter 12, page 197)
- Chapter 9 Electrical system (also see Chapter 12, page 197)
- Chapter 10 Suspension, dampers and steering (also see Chapter 12. page 197)
- Chapter 11 Bodywork and underframe (also see Chapter 12, page 197)
- Chapter 12 Supplement: Revisions and information on later models
- Conversion factors
- Safety first!