Self Study Program 485 – Audi 1.2L TFSI engine
VAG SSP 485. In this Self Study Programme you will learn the technology of the 1.2l TFSI engine.
Following on from the A3 with its 92 kW 1.4l TFSI engine which paved the way for small petrol engines with superior torque and high fuel economy by combining turbocharging with direct fuel injection, Audi presents the 1.2l TFSI – yet another engine with TFSI technology for the entry-level segment. Economy and pulling power are still the key success factors, especially in the light of the on-going heated debate on CO2 emissions.
For this reason, Audi has systematically extended its TFSI strategy, and with the new 63 and 77 kW 1.2l TFSI engines it continues its successful efforts in downsizing* the volume engines for the A1 and A3. Audi has further improved the engine technology of the small but powerful EA 111 engine series by maintaining a sharp focus on optimising friction and lightweight design. Featuring a new weight-optimised aluminium cylinder block and an entirely new combustion process, this engine offers an ideal combination of performance, fuel economy and cost for entry-level Audi models.
The radically redesigned 1.2l TFSI engine, which in the A3 delivers a specific power output of 87.7 HP from a displacement of 1197 cm3, utilises the same technology as its renowned siblings with displacements of 1.8 and 2.0 litres. Turbocharging and direct petrol injection make a perfect combination in the A3 too, and together they provide a high compression ratio of 10.0 : 1 which not only benefits thermodynamic efficiency but also enhances performance and economy.
Typically of a turbo, the small four cylinder operates at low speeds. In the A3 the engine delivers an impressive 175 Nm of torque between 1550 and 4100 rpm and a maximum power output of 77 kW (105 hp) at 5000 rpm. This allows the engine to run smoothly and efficiently. The three-door Audi A3 with 1.2l TFSI engine accelerates in 11.1 seconds from zero to 100 kph (A3 Sportback 11.3 seconds). The A3 and the A3 Sportback consume on average only 5.5 litres of fuel per 100 km. At the same time, the engine produces CO2 emissions of only 127 g/km. Fuel consumption is reduced by 1 litre per 100 km compared to the 75 kW (102 HP) predecessor engine (1.6l MPI).
Learning objectives of this Self Study Programme are:
When you have worked your way through this Self Study Programme you will be able to answer the following questions:
- How is the basic engine designed?
- What are the differences between the 1.2l TFSI engine and the TFSI engines previously used by Audi?
- Which modifications have been made to the fuel system?
- What are the special features of the engine management system?
- What must be observed when servicing the vehicle?
- Engine mechanicals
- Weight reduction measures
- Cylinder block
- Chain drive
- Cylinder head
- Positive crankcase ventilation
- Vacuum supply
- Oil supply
- Oil circuit
- Oil filter
- Air supply
- Charge air circuit
- Charge pressure actuator V465 with charge pressure actuator position sensor G581
- Charge pressure control function
- Cooling system
- Charge air cooling system
- Engine cooling system
- Thermal management
- Active coolant pump
- Fuel system
- System overview
- Injectors N30 – N33
- Engine management
- Overview of the Simos 10 system on the Audi A3
- Engine control unit J623
- Operating modes
- Ignition system
- Special tools
- Scope of maintenance
- Test your knowledge
- Self Study Programmes
The Self Study Programme explains the basics of the design and function of new models, new automotive components or new technologies.
It is not a Repair Manual! Figures given are for explanatory purposes only and refer to the software version valid at the time of preparation of the SSP.
For maintenance and repair work, always refer to the current technical literature.
Terms shown in italics and marked by an asterisk are explained in the glossary at the back of this Self Study Programme.