Bosch Diesel Engine Management

Bosch professional automotive information is a definitive reference for automotive engineers. The series is compiled by one of the world´s largest automotive equipment suppliers. All topics are covered in a concise but descriptive way backed up by diagrams, graphs, photographs and tables enabling the reader to better comprehend the subject. There is now greater detail on electronics and their application in the motor vehicle, including electrical energy management (EEM) and discusses the topic of intersystem networking within vehicle. The series will benefit automotive engineers and design engineers, automotive technicians in training and mechanics and technicians in garages.

This reference book provides a comprehensive insight into today´s diesel injection systems and electronic control. It focusses on minimizing emissions and exhaust-gas treatment. Innovations by Bosch in the field of diesel-injection technology have made a significant contribution to the diesel boom. Calls for lower fuel consumption, reduced exhaust-gas emissions and quiet engines are making greater demands on the engine and fuel-injection systems.

Complex technology of modern motor vehicles and increasing functions need a reliable source of information to understand the components or systems. The rapid and secure access to these informations in the field of Automotive Electrics and Electron- ics provides the book in the series “Bosch Professional Automotive Information” which contains necessary fundamentals, data and explanations clearly, systematically, currently and application-oriented. The series is intended for automotive professionals in practice and study which need to understand issues in their area of work. It provides simultaneously the theoretical tools for understanding as well as the applications.

CONTENTS

  • 2 History of the diesel engine
  • 3 Rudolf Diesel
  • 4 Mixture formation in the first diesel engines
  • 5 Use of the first vehicle diesel engines
  • 8 Bosch diesel fuel injection
  • 12 Areas of use for diesel engines
  • 12 Suitability criteria
  • 12 Applications
  • 15 Engine characteristic data
  • 16 Basic principles of the diesel engine
  • 16 Method of operation
  • 19 Torque and power output
  • 20 Engine efficiency
  • 23 Operating statuses
  • 27 Operating conditions
  • 29 Fuel-injection system
  • 30 Combustion chambers
  • 34 Fuels
  • 34 Diesel fuel
  • 41 Alternative fuels for diesel engines
  • 46 Cylinder-charge control systems
  • 46 Overview
  • 47 Turbochargers and superchargers
  • 56 Swirl flaps
  • 57 Intake air filters
  • 60 Basic principles of diesel fuel injection
  • 60 Mixture distribution
  • 62 Fuel-injection parameters
  • 71 Nozzle and nozzle holder designs
  • 72 Overview of diesel fuel-injection systems
  • 72 Designs
  • 78 Fuel supply system to the low-pressure stage
  • 78 Overview 80 Fuel filter
  • 82 Fuel-supply pump
  • 86 Miscellaneous components
  • 88 Supplementary valves for in-line fuel-injection pumps
  • 90 Overview of discrete cylinder systems
  • 90 Type PF discrete injection pumps
  • 92 Unit injector system (UIS) and unit pump system (UPS)
  • 94 System diagram of UIS for passenger cars
  • 96 System diagram of UIS/UPS for commercial vehicles
  • 98 Unit injector system (UIS)
  • 98 Installation and drive
  • 99 Design
  • 1 02 Method of operation of UI for passenger cars
  • 1 05 Method of operation of UI for commercial vehicles
  • 1 07 High-pressure solenoid valve
  • 1 10 Unit pump system (UPS)
  • 1 10 InstalIation and drive
  • 110 Design
  • 1 12 Current-controlled rate shaping (CCRS)
  • 1 14 Overview of common-rail systems
  • 1 14 Areas of application
  • 115 Design
  • 116 Operating concept
  • 1 20 Common-rail system for passenger cars
  • 1 25 Common-rail system for commercial vehicles
  • 1 28 High-pressure components of common-rail system
  • 128 Overview
  • 130 Injector
  • 142 High-pressure pumps
  • 1 48 Fuel rail (high-pressure accumulator)
  • 149 High-pressure sensors
  • 150 Pressure-contro l valve
  • 151 Pressure-relief valve
  • 152 Injection nozzles
  • 154 Pintle nozzles
  • 156 Hole-type nozzles
  • 1 60 Future development of the nozzle
  • 162 Nozzle holders
  • 1 64 Standard nozzle holders
  • 1 65 Stepped nozzle holders
  • 1 66 Two-spring nozzle holders
  • 1 67 Nozzle holders with needle-motion sensors
  • 168 High-pressure lines
  • 168 High-pressure connection fittings
  • 169 High-pressure delivery lines
  • 172 Start-assist systems
  • 172 Overview
  • 173 Preheating systems
  • 178 Minimizing emissions inside of the engine
  • 179 Combustion process
  • 181 Other impacts on pollutant emissions
  • 183 Development of homogeneous combustion processes
  • 184 Diesel fuel injection
  • 196 Exhaust-gas recirculation
  • 199 Positive crankcase ventilation
  • 200 Exhaust-gas treatment
  • 201 NOx storage catalyst
  • 204 Selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides
  • 210 Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF)
  • 218 Diesel oxidation catalyst
  • 220 Electronic Diesel Control (EDC)
  • 220 System overview
  • 223 In-line fuel-injection pumps
  • 224 Helix and port-controlled axial-piston distributor pumps
  • 225 Solenoid-valve-controlled axial-piston and radial-piston distributor pumps
  • 226 Unit Injector System (UIS) for passenger cars
  • 227 Unit Injector System (UIS) and Unit Pump System (UPS) for commercial vehicles
  • 228 Common Rail System (CRS) for passenger cars
  • 229 Common Rail System (CRS) for commercial vehicles
  • 230 Data processing
  • 232 Fuel-injection control
  • 243 Further special adaptations
  • 244 Lambda closed-loop control for passenger- car diesel engines
  • 249 Torque-controlled EDC systems
  • 252 Control and triggering of the remaining actuators
  • 253 Substitute functions
  • 254 Data exchange with other systems
  • 255 Serial data transmission (CAN)
  • 260 Application-related adaptation 1) of car engines
  • 264 Application-related adaptation 1) of commercial vehicle engines
  • 269 Calibration tools
  • 272 Electronic Control Unit (ECU)
  • 272 Operating conditions
  • 272 Design and construction
  • 272 Data processing
  • 278 Sensors
  • 278 Automotive applications
  • 278 Temperature sensors
  • 280 Micromechanical pressure sensors
  • 283 High-pressure sensors
  • 284 Inductive engine-speed sensors
  • 285 Rotational-speed (rpm) sensors and incremental angle-of-rotation sensors
  • 286 Hall-effect phase sensors
  • 288 Accelerator-pedal sensors
  • 290 Hot-film air-mass meter HFM5
  • 292 LSU4 planar broad-band Lambda oxygen sensor
  • 294 Half-differential short-circuiting-ring sensors
  • 295 Fuel-level sensor
  • 296 Fault diagnostics
  • 296 Monitoring during vehicle operation (on-board diagnosis)
  • 299 On-board diagnosis system for passenger cars and light-duty trucks
  • 306 On-board diagnosis system for heavy-duty trucks
  • 308 Service technology
  • 308 Workshop business
  • 312 Diagnostics in the workshop
  • 314 Testing equipment
  • 316 Fuel-injection pump test benches
  • 318 Testing in-line fuel-injection pumps
  • 322 Testing helix and portcontrolled distributor injection pumps
  • 326 Nozzle tests
  • 328 Exhaust-gas emissions
  • 328 Overview
  • 328 Major components
  • 330 Combustion byproducts
  • 332 Emission-control legislation
  • 332 Overview
  • 334 CARB legislation (passenger cars/LDT)
  • 338 EPA legislation (passenger cars/LDT)
  • 340 EU legislation (passenger cars/LDT)
  • 342 Japanese legislation (passenger cars/LDTs)
  • 343 U.S. legislation (heavy-duty trucks)
  • 344 EU legislation (heavy-duty trucks)
  • 346 Japanese legislation (heavy-duty trucks)
  • 347 U.S. test cycles for passenger cars and LDTs
  • 349 European test cycle for passenger cars and LDTs
  • 349 Japanese test cycle for passenger cars and LDTs
  • 350 Test cycles for heavy-duty trucks
  • 352 Exhaust-gas measuring techniques
  • 352 Exhaust-gas test for type approval
  • 355 Exhaust-gas measuring devices
  • 357 Exhaust-gas measurement in engine development
  • 359 Emissions testing (opacity measurement)

Language: English
Format: PDF
Pages: 381

Bosch Diesel Engine Management

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